Mathoura is a small town in the Riverina region of southern New South Wales, Australia
It is claimed that 'mathoura' is a local Yorta Yorta Aboriginal word meaning 'windy'. The settlement was officially named by the government surveyor in 1858. Prior to 'Mathoura' it had been known as Redbank, after an inn on the river bank.
Beyond that Mathoura is a small rural service centre. It is a comment on just how small the town is that the local visitor centre also includes a Bendigo Bank, the library, wine tasting, Centrelink, Medicare and the internet.
The mainstay of the town's economy is the timber industry.